Pragmatics is the study of how the arrangement of words and phrases can alter the meaning of a sentence. It includes the study of the speaker's meaning, the study of the meaning in its context, the study of what is implied, though not explicitly expressed, and the study of the distance between speakers viewpoints in order to understand what determines the choice of what is said and what is not said. Pragmatics Linguistics Social Sciences Science.
Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning. (wikipedia)
- Wikipedia: Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning. Pragmatics encompasses speech act theory, conversational implicature, talk in interaction and other approaches to language behavior in philosophy, sociology, linguistics and anthropology. Unlike semantics, which examines meaning that is conventional or "coded" in a given language, pragmatics studies how the transmission of meaning depends not only on structural and linguistic knowledge of the speaker and listener, but also on the context of the utterance, any pre-existing knowledge about those involved, the inferred intent of the speaker, and other factors. In this respect, pragmatics explains how language users are able to overcome apparent ambiguity, since meaning relies on the manner, place, time, etc. of an utterance.
- Pragmatics Category
- Anaphora - In linguistics, anaphora is the use of an expression whose interpretation depends upon another expression in context.
- Charles Sanders Peirce (and also see: Charles Sanders Peirce bibliography ).
- Co-construction - In linguistics, a co-construction is a grammatical or semantic entity which has been uttered by more than one speaker. It is a technical term for the notion of one person finishing another person's thought. For example...
- Collapsing sequence - A collapsing sequence occurs in human speech when utterance pairs between speakers have some unspoken thought occurring between them that may make the latter phrase, out of context, seem to have no logical connection to the former; there is, however, an implication that logical thought has...
- Deixis - In linguistics, deixis refers to words and phrases, such as "me" or "here", that cannot be fully understood without additional contextual information -- in this case, the identity of the speaker and the speaker's location.
- Entailment - Linguistic entailments occur when one may draw necessary conclusions from a particular use of a word. Entailment phrases are relations between propositions, and are always worded as, "if A then B," meaning that if A is true, then B must also be true.